Internal displacement refers to the forced movement of people within the country they live in. Millions of people are forced to flee their homes or places of habitual residence each year, including in the context of conflict, violence, development projects, disasters and climate change, and remain displaced within their countries of residence. Millions more live in situations of protracted displacement or face chronic displacement risk.
Internal displacement takes place in a multitude of contexts. Main triggers include armed conflicts, situations of generalized violence, human rights violations, sudden onset disasters and slow onset disasters. Development investments, such as large infrastructure or urban renewal projects, can also cause displacement and human rights violations at a large scale.
For the purpose of our monitoring, however, we divide the main contexts of internal displacement in three areas:
Our research complements the organisation’s core data collection and monitoring function, drawing on the evidence that the data presents and providing conceptual clarity and framing of key problematics of internal displacement. In-depth qualitative and quantitative research is conducted in partnership with leading academic institutions, experts and international organizations across five research priorities for 2017-2020: