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IDMC

Eritrea

31 July 2012 | Country Profile Page

IDMC

Eritrea

IDMC's Eritrea page provides an overview of the latest figures and key concerns facing internally displaced people in the country.

31 July 2012 | Country Page

Eritrea: Internal displacement in brief

In 1993, in a referendum supported by Ethiopia, Eritreans voted almost unanimously for independence from Ethiopia.

31 December 2010 | Summary

IDMC

Eritrea: IDPs returned or resettled but border tensions remain

Despite the Algiers Peace Agreement and the decision of the Ethiopia-Eritrea Border Commission, there is a continuing impasse over the demarcation of the border between the two countries and the status of the town of Badme. This presents an ongoing serious risk of escalating tension and of renewed conflict that may have serious political and humanitarian consequences.

16 February 2009 | Country Profile

IDPs returned or resettled but border tensions remain

Although important assistance has been provided, the uneasy relationship between the Government of Eritrea and UN agencies and international and local NGOs has undermined efforts to respond to the needs of IDPs

16 February 2009 | Overview

IDMC

Eritrea: Uncertain future for thousands of returning IDPs

The vast majority of the 1.1 million people displaced by the 1998-2000 border war between Ethiopia and Eritrea have long gone home. But Ethiopia's refusal to accept the decision of an international arbitration commission has left some 40,000 Eritrean internally displaced people (IDPs) still unable to return. Discussions between the two countries and the Ethiopia-Eritrea Border Commission (EEBC) in May 2006 ended without result, apart from the UN Security Council’s decision to further reduce the border monitoring presence of the UN Mission to Eritrea and Ethiopia (UNMEE). Precise IDP figures are unavailable, but the total was expected to fall throughout 2006 from the 2005 total of 45,000. The Eritrean government gave a figure of 8,900 households as of March 2006.

13 June 2006 | Country Profile

IDMC

Uncertain future for thousands of returning IDPs

The vast majority of the 1.1 million people displaced by the 1998-2000 border war between Ethiopia and Eritrea have long gone home. But Ethiopia's refusal to accept the decision of an international arbitration commission has left some 40,000 Eritrean internally displaced people (IDPs) still unable to return.

13 June 2006 | Overview

Internal displacement Eritrea

01 November 2005 | Map

IDMC

Eritrea: Border deadlock and under-funding perpetuate IDP plight

Internal displacement in Eritrea stems from a combination of war and drought. A bitter border conflict with Ethiopia has remained suspended since a peace agreement signed in Algiers in 2000.

17 June 2005 | Overview

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Eritrea

Internal displacement in Eritrea stems from a combination of war and drought. A bitter border conflict with Ethiopia has remained suspended since a peace agreement signed in Algiers in 2000.

17 June 2005 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Eritrea

At the height of the (1998-2000) border war with Ethiopia there were 1.1 million Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in Eritrea. This number has fallen but there are still 60,000 people who cannot return home because of the tensions that persist around the border demarcation process. The physical marking out of the frontier, originally scheduled to start in May 2003, has been delayed indefinitely.

03 August 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Eritrea

Internal displacement in Eritrea stems from a combination of war and drought, recurrent themes in the Horn of Africa. Out of a population of 3.5 million, more than 1 million people were forced to flee their homes during a ferocious border conflict with Ethiopia that erupted in 1998. Most were able to return following a ceasefire two years later, and by November 2002 only 58,180 people remained displaced (UN, November 2002, p.1).

27 November 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Eritrea (October 2001)

A border dispute between Eritrea and Ethiopia escalated in May 1998 into a major military confrontation that immediately caused the displacement of an estimated 100,000 Eritreans (USCR 1999, p.64). Renewed fighting during 1999 made the total number of IDPs reach 266,200 by the end of the year (UN January 2000, p.2).

31 October 2001 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Eritrea (March 2001)

A border dispute between Eritrea and Ethiopia escalated into a major military confrontation in May 1998, causing the displacement of an estimated 100,000 Eritreans from the border areas (USCR 1999, p.64). Renewed fighting in February 1999 caused a new wave of displacement (RI 25 June 1999, SCF August 1999), bringing the total number of IDPs to 266,200 by the end of 1999. On 12 May 2000, Ethiopia initiated a major military offensive deep into Eritrea that led to a flow of people fleeing artillery and aerial bombardments, and forced the original IDP population to flee even further from the border.

02 March 2001 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Eritrea

A border dispute between Eritrea and Ethiopia in the Badame area broke out into a major military confrontation in May 1998, displacing an estimated 100,000 Eritreans from the border areas (USCR 1999, p.64). Renewed fighting in February 1999 caused a new wave of displacement (RI 25 June 1999, SCF August 1999), bringing the total number of IDPs to 266,200 by the end of 1999. On 12 May 2000, Ethiopia initiated a major military offensive deep into Eritrea which forced the original IDP population to flee even further from the border.

11 October 2000 | Country Profile

IDMC

Internally Displaced Persons in Eritrea

A border dispute in the Badme area between Eritrea and Ethiopia in May 1998 broke out into a major military confrontation. Intense fighting in February 1999 caused waves of people to flee from the border areas. In July 1998 a peace proposal was formulated under the auspices of the OAU, the UN, USA and the European Union. Eritrea has accepted the proposal however Ethiopia wants further revisions to the technical aspects of its implementation (UNDP EUE 24 March 2000).

01 April 2000 | Country Profile

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