Development environment

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Indonesia: Concerted efforts needed to find solutions for protracted IDPs

Following Indonesia’s tumultuous transition to democracy most IDPs have returned. However, an estimated 31,440 people continue to live in protracted displacement with outstanding needs.

11 August 2015 | Overview

Indonesia: durable solutions needed for protracted IDPs as new displacement occurs in Papua

IDMC explains why up to fifteen years after their displacement tens of thousands of IDPs are still struggling to rebuild their lives.

13 May 2014 | Overview

Durable solutions remain elusive for many IDPs while thousands are newly displaced by military operations in Papua

After the government wound up its IDP strategy in 2004, people displaced by conflict were no longer recognised as a vulnerable group deserving specific attention

22 December 2011 | Overview

IDMC

Indonesia/Maluku and North Maluku: Support still needed for thousands of people ten years after their displacement

Nearly ten years after the end of the Maluku and North Maluku conflicts, which displaced more than 700,000 people from 1999 to 2002, thousands of families have been unable to recover from their displacement and remain in need of assistance.

28 March 2011 | Overview

IDMC

Indonesia/Central Sulawesi: IDP return and recovery hampered by persistent tensions, land disputes and limited access to livelihoods

From the end of 1998 to 2002 there were several waves of conflict in the province of Central Sulawesi between Christians and Muslims. The cause lay in competition for land, employment and political influence at a time when post-Suharto Indonesia was in the early stages of democratic transition and decentralisation.

15 December 2010 | Overview

IDMC

Indonesia/Kalimantan: New ethnic-related displacement while earlier IDPs struggle to make return sustainable

In late September 2010, an estimated 32,000 people fled their homes in Tarakan, a city in the Indonesian province of East Kalimantan on the island of Borneo, following inter-ethnic violence between indigenous Dayak Tidung and Bugis, migrants from South Sulawesi. Bugis comprised the majority of people internally displaced by the conflict.

22 November 2010 | Overview

IDMC

Indonesia/Papua: Papuans displaced by military operations in the central highlands remain unassisted

Since May 2010 and particularly in May and June, an unknown number of Papuans, ranging from several hundreds to several thousands, have been reported to be internally displaced in the central highlands region of Puncak Jaya, where the government of Indonesia has been conducting counter-insurgency operations against rebels of the OPM (Free Papua Movement).

13 October 2010 | Overview

IDMC

Indonesia/Aceh: IDPs and returnees still face significant recovery and reintegration needs

Five years after the Helsinki agreement put an end to a 30-year long conflict between the armed forces and Acehnese separatists, tens of thousands of people have yet to return to their homes in Aceh province, Indonesia. The most recent available data suggests that there may still be as many as 146,000 internally displaced people (IDPs) in Aceh, and more who fled to neighbouring provinces.

08 September 2010 | Overview

IDMC

Indonesia/West Timor: Durable solutions still out of reach for many “new citizens” from former East Timor province

In 2010, nearly 11 years after being displaced from what was then East Timor province, several thousand people remain in camps in West Timor, in the province of East Nusa Tenggara (NTT). Most camps are located near the border with what became Timor-Leste in 2002, or around Kupang, the provincial capital.

25 August 2010 | Overview

IDMC

Support needed for return and reintegration of displaced Acehnese following peace agreement

In the wake of the peace agreement signed in August 2005 between Acehnese separatist rebels and the government, putting an end to 30 years of conflict in Indonesia's westernmost province of Aceh, thousands of internally displaced people (IDPs) who were forced to leave their homes during the conflict started returning.

19 July 2006 | Overview

IDMC

Indonesia: Post-tsunami assistance risks neglecting reintegration needs of conflict-induced IDPs

Almost half a year after the tsunami hit the shores of Aceh and North Sumatra province, killing more than 200,000 people and displacing over 500,000, assistance is now slowly shifting from a humanitarian to a rehabilitation and reconstruction phase.

26 May 2005 | Overview

IDMC

Indonesia: Half a million IDPs wait to return, while fighting continues in Aceh

The Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC), established in 1998 by the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC), monitors conflict-induced internal displacement worldwide. The Geneva-based Centre runs an online database providing comprehensive and regularly updated information and analysis on internal displacement in more than 50 countries.

09 July 2004 | Overview

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