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IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Russian Federation (March 2001)

Existing data suggest that at least 510,000 persons are currently displaced in the Russian Federation, mostly as a result of the two armed conflicts over the last decade in the northern Caucasian Republic of Chechnya. Of this figure, only 140,000 of them, mostly ethnic Russians who left North Caucasus during the first conflict in Chechnya (1994- 1996), are currently registered by the Federal authorities as "forced migrants".

23 March 2001 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile in Internal Displacement: Syrian Arab Republic

It should be noted that according to information available for this profile, people displaced from the Golan did not resettle voluntarily and still wish to go back to their former homes. We therefore consider them as internally displaced persons. Comments and additional information regarding this issue as well as others are welcome and will be included in the updated version of this document.

14 March 2001 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Eritrea (March 2001)

A border dispute between Eritrea and Ethiopia escalated into a major military confrontation in May 1998, causing the displacement of an estimated 100,000 Eritreans from the border areas (USCR 1999, p.64). Renewed fighting in February 1999 caused a new wave of displacement (RI 25 June 1999, SCF August 1999), bringing the total number of IDPs to 266,200 by the end of 1999. On 12 May 2000, Ethiopia initiated a major military offensive deep into Eritrea that led to a flow of people fleeing artillery and aerial bombardments, and forced the original IDP population to flee even further from the border.

02 March 2001 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Ethiopia (March 2001)

A border dispute between Eritrea and Ethiopia escalated into a major military confrontation in May 1998 immediately displacing some 177,000 people (UNCTE 2 February 1999, p. 2). Intense fighting in February 1999 led to further displacement. Ethiopia initiated a major military offensive deep into Eritrea in May 2000, followed by a cease-fire agreement on 18 June 2000.

02 March 2001 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Colombia (February 2001)

Most national and international agencies now rate Colombia among the countries with the largest internally displaced population in the world. According to local NGO sources as of 8 August, almost 2 million persons have been displaced as a result of violence since 1985, with 288,000 persons displaced in 1999 alone.

27 February 2001 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Iraq (February 2001)

There are several causes of internal displacement to and within northern Iraq and today 800,000 persons are considered displaced in the north (USCR 2000, p.187). The most serious cause has been Iraqi government actions.

06 February 2001 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Sierre Leone

Escalated rebel activity since May 2000 has hindered access to large areas of Sierra Leone, making the collection and verification of countrywide figures for the total internally displaced population difficult. Humanitarian agencies often refer to registered IDPs when providing figures, but a large number of non-registered IDPs live with host families or in hiding.

01 January 2001 | Country Profile

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