Development environment

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IDMC

Croatia: Internal displacement in brief

The main obstacles to the return of the remaining ethnic Croat IDPs were the limited social services and livelihood opportunities in their places of origin, whereas ethnic Serb IDPs continued to struggle to assert their rights

31 December 2010 | Summary

Laos: Internal displacement in brief

The government has not acknowledged the displacement and denies perpetrating any human rights violations or discriminating against the Hmong in general

31 December 2010 | Summary

Quarterly Update October - December 2010

This Quarterly Update covers the activities of the Geneva-based Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) between 1 October and 31 December 2010.

31 December 2010 | Publication

Algeria: Internal displacement in brief

Informal settlements have grown significantly in Algiers, Blida, Médéa, Chlef, Tiaret, Sidi Bel Abbes, Relizane and Oran, and host many of those that were displaced

31 December 2010 | Summary

Eritrea: Internal displacement in brief

In 1993, in a referendum supported by Ethiopia, Eritreans voted almost unanimously for independence from Ethiopia.

31 December 2010 | Summary

IDMC

Lebanon: No new displacement but causes of past conflicts unresolved

In 2009 and 2010 no new internal displacements took place but a number of displacement situations persisted following three periods of conflict or violence.

30 December 2010 | Country Profile

IDMC

Uganda: Difficulties continue for returnees and remaining IDPs as development phase begins

In the four years passed since the signing of a Cessation of Hostilities Agreement between the Government of Uganda and the Lord’s Resistance Army, return has taken place in northern Uganda at a rapid rate. More than 90 per cent of the 1.8 million internally displaced people (IDPs) who lived in camps at the height of the crisis have returned to their areas of origin or have resettled in new locations.

28 December 2010 | Country Profile

IDMC

Difficulties continue for returnees and remaining IDPs as development phase begins

In the four years passed since the signing of a Cessation of Hostilities Agreement between the Government of Uganda and the Lord’s Resistance Army, return has taken place in northern Uganda at a rapid rate. More than 90 per cent of the 1.8 million internally displaced people (IDPs) who lived in camps at the height of the crisis have returned to their areas of origin or have resettled in new locations. Only an estimated 182,000 IDPs remain in camps or transit sites as of December 2010.

28 December 2010 | Overview

IDMC

Durable solutions elusive as southern IDPs return and Darfur remains tense

At the end of 2010 at least 4.5 million people were internally displaced in Darfur, the Greater Khartoum area, South Kordofan and the ten states of Southern Sudan.

23 December 2010 | Overview

IDMC

Sudan: Durable solutions elusive as southern IDPs return and Darfur remains tense

At the end of 2010 at least 4.5 million people were internally displaced in Darfur, the Greater Khartoum area, South Kordofan and the ten states of Southern Sudan.

23 December 2010 | Country Profile

IDMC

Serbia: Ten years after displacement, returns remain stalled but integration prospects improving

As of December 2010, there were an estimated 230,000 internally displaced people (IDPs) from Kosovo within Serbia, including an estimated 20,000 displaced Roma people who were never registered as displaced. In addition, 19,000 people remain displaced within Kosovo. The most vulnerable IDPs are Roma people, who tend to lack documentation and frequently endure extreme poverty in squalid informal settlements.

22 December 2010 | Country Profile

IDMC

Ten years after displacement, returns remain stalled but integration prospects improving

In 2008 Kosovo adopted a unilateral declaration of independence (UDI) from Serbia. The United Nations General Assembly subsequently referred the UDI to the International Court of Justice, which issued a July 2010 advisory opinion affirming that it was “in accordance with international law.”

22 December 2010 | Overview

IDMC

IDPs pay an unacceptable price

As of September 2010, there were more than 1.7 million internally displaced people (IDPs) in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), the vast majority of them in the eastern provinces of North and South Kivu. Most fled their homes to escape fighting between rebels groups and the Congolese armed forces supported (in some cases) by the UN, while others are victims of direct attacks and violence perpetrated by the warring parties.

21 December 2010 | Overview

IDMC

Democratic Republic of the Congo: IDPs pay an unacceptable price

As of September 2010, there were more than 1.7 million internally displaced people (IDPs) in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), the vast majority of them in the eastern provinces of North and South Kivu. Most fled their homes to escape fighting between rebels groups and the Congolese armed forces supported (in some cases) by the UN, while others are victims of direct attacks and violence perpetrated by the warring parties.

21 December 2010 | Country Profile

IDMC

Indonesia/Central Sulawesi: IDP return and recovery hampered by persistent tensions, land disputes and limited access to livelihoods

From the end of 1998 to 2002 there were several waves of conflict in the province of Central Sulawesi between Christians and Muslims. The cause lay in competition for land, employment and political influence at a time when post-Suharto Indonesia was in the early stages of democratic transition and decentralisation.

15 December 2010 | Overview

IDMC

Political wrangling leaves around 2.8 million displaced Iraqis with no durable solutions in sight

Seven years after the March 2003 US-led invasion, Iraq remains deeply divided. Iraqis have been internally displaced in three periods: either under the former Ba’ath government; from the March 2003 invasion until the February 2006 Samarra bombing; and since then. Today, one in ten Iraqi is still internally displaced, totaling 2.8 million people.

14 December 2010 | Overview

IDMC

Azerbaijan: After some 20 years, IDPs still face barriers to self-reliance

Over 586,000 people remain internally displaced in Azerbaijan after the Nagorno-Karabakh war ended with a ceasefire in 1994. The figure includes approximately 230,000 children born to internally displaced people (IDPs) since they fled their homes. Insecurity near the line of contact with Armenia continues to disrupt the livelihoods of IDPs and others who live nearby.

10 December 2010 | Country Profile

IDMC

Government response improves but still fails to meet needs of growing IDP population

Colombia’s long-standing internal armed conflict and the human rights abuses perpetrated by combatants and illegal armed groups had by 2010 caused the displacement of 3.4 million people according to the government, and over 4.9 million people according to the reliable non-governmental Observatory on Human Rights and Displacement (CODHES).

10 December 2010 | Overview

After some 20 years, IDPs still face barriers to self-reliance

IDPs’ main concern is their inadequate living conditions as many still live in dilapidated public buildings and makeshift accommodation, some with poor security of tenure

10 December 2010 | Overview

IDMC

Nigeria: Simmering tensions cause new displacement in the “middle belt”

In early 2010, unresolved conflicts and simmering tensions between different social and ethnic groups led to renewed displacement in the city of Jos in the heart of the “middle belt” region of Nigeria. As in the rest of the country, no clear figures on the number of internally displaced people (IDPs) were available for this latest incident of violence.

03 December 2010 | Country Profile

General map of Azerbaijan, Dec 2010

01 December 2010 | Map

Security remains fragile ahead of UN troop withdrawal and presidential election

Civilians have suffered a range of abuses, including killings, the looting and burning of villages, destruction of fields, loss of livelihoods, sexual violence and the abduction and recruitment of children.

01 December 2010 | Overview

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