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Quarterly Update October - December 2009

This Quarterly Update covers the activities of the Geneva-based Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) between 1 October and 31 December 2009.

31 December 2009 | Publication

Israel: Internal displacement in brief

Since the establishment of the state of Israel in 1948, various waves of people have been displaced within the country

31 December 2009 | Summary

IDMC

Occupied Palestinian Territory: Gaza offensive adds to scale of displacement

According to the UN, 2009 marked one of the most violent periods experienced by the Palestinians of the West Bank and Gaza since the occupation began in 1967. The three-week Israeli offensive in Gaza launched in December 2008 cost the lives of over 1,000 Palestinians and led to the displacement of over 100,000 people.

30 December 2009 | Country Profile

IDMC

Gaza offensive adds to scale of displacement Overview

According to the UN, 2009 marked one of the most violent periods experienced by the Palestinians of the West Bank and Gaza since the occupation began in 1967. The three-week Israeli offensive in Gaza launched in December 2008 cost the lives of over 1,000 Palestinians and led to the displacement of over 100,000 people.

30 December 2009 | Overview

IDMC

Serbia: IDPs still seeking housing solutions and documentation to access their rights

In 1999, over 245,000 members of local minorities fled from or within Kosovo in fear of reprisals from the majority Albanian population after NATO air strikes forced the withdrawal of Yugoslav troops and ended years of oppression of ethnic Albanians. Kosovo’s declaration of independence in February 2008 created new uncertainty for those still displaced.

29 December 2009 | Country Profile

IDMC

IDPs still seeking housing solutions and documentation to access their rights

In 2008 Kosovo declared independence from Serbia. The United Nations General Assem bly subsequently voted to refer the independence declaration to the International Court of Justice for an advisory opinion. As of December 2009, 64 countries had recognised Kosovo. For the pur-pose of this overview references to the situation in “Serbia” since 2008 do not include Kosovo.

29 December 2009 | Overview

IDMC

Limited response to displacement following local and regional conflicts

Mexico’s southern states of Chiapas, Oaxaca and Guerrero have witnessed forced internal displacement caused by a number of insurgencies seeking cultural and territorial autonomy and by national security forces using repressive measures to defeat them.

23 December 2009 | Overview

IDMC

Mexico: Limited response to displacement following local and regional conflicts

Mexico’s southern states of Chiapas, Oaxaca and Guerrero have witnessed forced internal displacement caused by a number of insurgencies seeking cultural and territorial autonomy and by national security forces using repressive measures to defeat them.

23 December 2009 | Country Profile

IDMC

Central African Republic: New displacement due to ongoing conflict and banditry

Internal armed conflict between government forces and various armed groups in northern areas of the Central African Republic (CAR) caused the internal displacement of over 200,000 people by 2007. F

22 December 2009 | Overview

IDMC

Chad: IDPs in east facing continuing violence and hardship

Around 168,000 people were internally displaced in eastern Chad in September 2009, as a result of conflict and human rights abuses related to tensions between Chad and Sudan, internal armed conflict, and inter-ethnic attacks against civilians. This number had fallen slightly from a 2008 high of 185,000, about one fifth of the population of eastern Chad. A profiling report showed in 2008 that 95 per cent of these internally displaced people (IDPs) were located in the Department of Dar Sila, and that almost 60 per cent were women between the ages of 15 and 40.

21 December 2009 | Country Profile

IDMC

IDPs in east facing continuing violence and hardship

Around 168,000 people were internally displaced in eastern Chad in September 2009, as a result of conflict and human rights abuses related to tensions between Chad and Sudan, in-ternal armed conflict, and inter-ethnic attacks against civilians. This number had fallen slightly from a 2008 high of 185,000, about one fifth of the population of eastern Chad.

21 December 2009 | Overview

IDMC

Political and security crises, access limits and donor cuts increasing IDP vulnerability

Political stalemate, security crisis and the continuing conflict in Somalia between the UN-backed coalition government and armed opposition groups continue to expose internally displaced people (IDPs) to violations of their rights under international humanitarian and human rights law.

10 December 2009 | Overview

IDMC

Somalia: Political and security crises, access limits and donor cuts increasing IDP vulnerability

Political stalemate, security crisis and the continuing conflict in Somalia between the UN-backed coalition government and armed opposition groups continue to expose internally displaced people (IDPs) to violations of their rights under international humanitarian and human rights law. An estimated one and a half million people were internally displaced in south and central Somalia as of November 2009.

10 December 2009 | Country Profile

IDPs have returned home, but the challenge of reintegration is just beginning

Lack of accurate data gathered in post-return monitoring makes it difficult to assess the extent to which returnees have been able to achieve durable solutions

09 December 2009 | Overview

IDMC

Guatemala: Violence and inequality still blocking solutions for IDPs

Structural inequality, restricted political participation and discriminatory state policies are at the core of Guatemala’s challenges today as they were 50 years ago when its war started. 14 years have passed since the signing of the peace accord which marked the end of the country’s conflict and promised durable solutions for those people displaced.

08 December 2009 | Country Profile

Violence and inequality still blocking solutions for IDPs

Many of the country’s IDPs have returned or resettled, but they continue to face poverty and new struggles to access land

08 December 2009 | Overview

IDMC

Pakistan: Millions of IDPs and returnees face continuing crisis

The ongoing wave of displacement in Pakistan is the single largest population movement recorded in the country since it was created in 1947.

02 December 2009 | Country Profile

IDMC

Millions of IDPs and returnees face continuing crisis

The ongoing wave of displacement in Pakistan is the single largest population movement recorded in the country since it was created in 1947.

02 December 2009 | Overview

Short-term and protracted displacements following various conflicts

Like other Arabs in Israel, IDPs became Israeli citizens. However, their freedom of movement was severely restricted

30 November 2009 | Overview

IDMC

Israel: Short-term and protracted displacements following various conflicts

During or shortly after the conflict which accompanied the creation of the state of Israel in 1948, some 46,000 to 48,000 people lost their homes and subsequently remained in Israel. Many of them found refuge in nearby villages in which they had relatives, family and friends. They subsequently moved from one village to another, mainly to reunite with people from their village of origin.

30 November 2009 | Country Profile

IDMC

Nigeria: Download Download the profile in English

Internal displacement caused by both communal violence and internal armed conflict is a recurrent phenomenon in most states in Nigeria. The parties to the fighting have sought political, economic and social advantages in a country with endemic poverty, low levels of education and a huge and alienated youth population.

19 November 2009 | Country Profile

IDMC

Nigeria: No end to internal displacement

Internal displacement caused by both communal violence and internal armed conflict is a recurrent phenomenon in most states in Nigeria. The parties to the fighting have sought political, economic and social advantages in a country with endemic poverty, low levels of education and a huge and alienated youth population.

19 November 2009 | Overview

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